Bismillah, alhamdulillah: A reflection on what the theory of evolution REALLY says, inspired by a verse in the Quran, Surah al-Mu’minun (23.115).
أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَـٰكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ
So, did you think that We created you pointlessly?! And that you would never be returned back to Us?!
(Surah Al-Mu’minun, 115)
The theory of evolution is an explanation of the different forms of life that exists on our planet and how they came about. The theory says that living things or ogranisms change or evolve, and as they do so they inherit traits or qualities from one generation to another. As they do this these traits slowly but randomly change. As a result the complex forms of life we see around have come into existence. This process has run over billions of years and is very slow. One of the results of this process are human beings.
Let us for the sake of argument say that the theory of evolution is possible. The theory of evolution is like a street. Those who favour the theory make the rest of believe it is a one-way street. At one end you have simple living creatures (viruses and bacteria etc) and at the other end you have more complex creatures such as humans, animals etc. They give the impression that the theory actually runs like a one-way street, simple organisms become more complex over time. But the theory also allows the traffic to flow the other way, complex organisms over time can evolve into simpler ones. So which way is the traffic more likely to flow according to the theory itself? Simple to complex or complex to simple?
The world is full of living organisms despite the world being billions of years old. We know that living organisms all die for one reason or another. One of the things living organisms do which prevents their extinction is that they generate more living organisms i.e. reproduce. In this way life goes on.
Success is when the number of living organisms increase and failure is when the opposite happens. In terms of living organisms or creatures, a human being is counted as one and is equal to one amoeba or one insect, or one monkey etc. The success of life is measured by the total number of living organisms. In one word, population, is what matters. Let us pause and look at population.
As organisms become more complex their number actually goes down compared to simpler organisms. There are more insects than cats, more viruses than multicellular organisms and so on. The food pyramid taught in schools nicely illustrates this point. The base is always bigger than the top because as you go up the pyramid the number of creatures becomes less. Also the more complex a creature, the closer they are to the top of the pyramid. The simpler a creature is, the closer they are to the bottom.
The reason is simple: one complex organism needs many simpler organisms to survive. The human body is a multicellular organism. It is made up of roughly a billion human cells but needs a 1 trillion bacterial cells called the biome for it to function properly. This means every human cell needs a thousand bacterial cells to work! In terms of organisms: a single human organism needs a trillion bacterial organisms to survive!
Based on population of organisms the theory of evolution actually predicts that the number of complex organisms over time should decrease because this favours population growth. This prediction is the exact opposite of the facts. This conclusion does not match the real world. How do those who favour a simple to complex view of the theory of evolution get out of this problem?
In order to hide this natural conclusion of the theory of evolution, those who support it have to explain why there are so many complex organisms which is not what the theory actually predicts. These people cannot use the word purpose or its sister word intent because this would mean they believe there is a God who has intentionally put things in a different way! This is where the trick of using the word “advantage” comes in.
People who promote the simple to complex view of the theory of evolution use the word “advantage” a lot. They claim that a survival advantage” explains the presence of complex organisms. Genes are inherited from one organism to another. As the genes change the ones that survive do so because of a survival “advantage”. As the advantages stack up the organism happens to get more complex. Simple. But there is an obvious but well-hidden problem with this.
To say there is a survival “advantage” is misleading and a misuse of the word. It is what psychologists call dissimulation or in simple words ‘double speak’. The word is used to imply that there is something objective and measurable but in reality it is the opposite. In reality an “advantage” is not an objective measurable thing, that is why one person’s advantage can be another person’s disadvantage. Advantage is a subjective human opinion. Only human beings decide whether an advantage exists or not. They may or may not agree. But it is not something that is measurable. There is no device that measures advantage unlike temperature. It is not a number unlike population. It is a human conclusion, an opinion. The word “advantage” has been used to fool people and promote the wrong understanding of what the theory of evolution actually says! How did they do this?
To understand how the word “advantage” is used to fool people take the simple daily example of mobile phones. As you know there are many plans available to users. The cheapest plans have the least talk time and data usage. The phone company is a profit making organisation. They want to make more profit. Put another way they have to get more money from the customer i.e. a more expensive plan and at the same time do less. But if you put it that way no one would buy the more expensive plan. So how do they get around this problem?
The companies use marketing and talk about “advantages” of the more expensive plan. They repeat this until they reach a point where they are successful in deflecting our attention from the hard facts about money to the “advantages” of the more expensive plans. Once we believe them our desire to believe in the “advantages”, overrule the money facts.
The theory of evolution is the same. If a person thinks objectively (looking at the objective population numbers) rather than subjectively or emotionally (believing in the marketing hype of “advantages”), he is left with one conclusion. The theory of evolution runs in reverse!
It actually predicts a change in organisms from complex to simple. The exact opposite of the real world. This shows that the theory is simply wrong.
Human beings are very clever, but their cleverness is vulnerable to their desires. Our emotional desires can overcome our logic. A person who wants to do what they want to in life, needs to remove a Creator from their lives. The presence of a Creator leads to the troubling question – why were we Created? But if the Creator is removed, then life has no meaning. Life has no greater point. The desire to escape responsibility to the Creator motivates such a person. It makes him or her blind to the clear evidence in front of them. Instead they are ready to be fooled.
In summary, if a person went where the evidence led him, the theory of evolution actually proves the existence of God. This is because the theory on its own actually predicts the opposite of what we see in the world. The theory of evolution predicts the change of complex to simple organisms not the opposite. The only way to explain the miracle of existence of complex organisms after so many billions of years is to believe in an intelligent and merciful Creator. Whether you call the Creator, God or Allah, it does not matter as long as you recognise that to Him belong the best names.
هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْخَٰلِقُ ٱلْبَارِئُ ٱلْمُصَوِّرُ لَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ
He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker of things without precedent, the Fashioner. His are the most beautiful names. Everything in the heavens and the earth glorifies Him, and He is the Irresistible, the Wise.
(Surah al-Hashr 59.24)
It is the Mercy of Allah that He put such clear evidence of His existence in the world. May Allah save us from following our desires and enter us into His mercy.